At the end of 2019, a global pandemic brought the world to one of the worse plagues since the Influenza virus outbreak in the year 1918. The world was introduced to an infectious disease caused by a recently discovered coronavirus carried by animals. People who are infected with the disease experience fever, the usual flu, and a mild to moderate respiratory illness. The infected person improves without needing special treatment. Elderly people and those who have underlying medical conditions like heart disease, chronic respiratory ailments, diabetes, and cancer are more prone to advance in a more serious infection.
The most common symptoms if you are infected by the Coronavirus:
- Fever dry cough
- Aches and pain
- Sore throat
- Loss of taste or smell
Serious symptoms: Difficulty of breathing or shortness of breath, chest pain or pressure loss, and of speech.
The best practice to prevent any transmission is to be knowledgeable about COVID-19 virus and how it spreads from one person to another. You should always protect yourself and others from the virus by washing your hands and using alcohol frequently and avoid touching your face. The COVID-19 virus basically spreads through droplets of saliva or expulsion from the nose and mouth when a person coughs or sneezes, it is also important that everyone practice respiratory etiquette or wear masks and face shields to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus.
The COVID-19 outbreak has led to a dramatic increase in the demand for face masks and protective equipment in many countries, leading to a global shortage of equipment especially for face masks. In most countries greatly affected by the virus, all are experiencing a shortage of face masks as a result of panic buying or insufficient supply.
Many have taken the opportunity to develop reusable and washable face masks to meet market demands. Therefore, it is important to understand the quality of the masks in terms of effectiveness and comfort.
Reusable fabric masks have become a popular choice, because they are often considered more cost-effective and environment friendly than the one-time use medical masks.
This aims to study the significant factors that affect the comfort of reusable face masks, but not to evaluate the antimicrobic potential.
Best qualities of Reusable face mask, breathability, comfortability, light weight fabric mask, effective filtration, washability face masks.
There are several types of masks that at least pass the tests of water vapor permeability, thermal conductivity, and a wear test. Washable face masks made of thin sheets of knitted fabric, low density filter to be more breathable than other thick fabrics and filters. In addition, reusable face masks that contains sufficient high thermal conductive materials and have water vapor absorbency are often more comfortable to wear as they can allocate heat and moisture from the body rapidly, thus do not easily dampen and weaken.
Permeability or breathability of different types of textile materials. It is considered one of the most significant factors to determine fabric comfort. The level of comfort that the fabric offers is related to the thermo-regulation and moisture conveyance of the material to provide high levels of comfort.
A good fit not only affects the comfort of a mask, but also the effectiveness of filtration. If it is an oversized mask, it may permit gaps along the side of the face which enables air to infiltrate the mask and therefore small particles to access the respiratory system, and as such, effectually defeat the purpose of wearing a mask.
In general, Comfort refers to the breathability, heat regulation, and a good fit for a better protection from the COVID-19 virus.